Does An Ovarian Cyst Stop Pregnancy?
There is a relationship between an ovarian cyst and the ability to get pregnant. The association, however, depends on the type of ovarian cyst. Some reproductive conditions such as polycystic ovarian syndrome and endometriomas can impact fertility. Other cystic conditions such as dermoid cysts, cystadenomas, and functional cysts do not interfere with fertility.
Common symptoms of ovarian cysts
Some ovarian cysts will not cause any symptoms and will go away without any treatment. However, a person with a severe ovarian cyst will have symptoms such as extreme pelvic pain, bloating, and abdominal fullness. Whenever one feels extreme pain, immediate consultation with the healthcare provider is necessary. If the pain is accompanied by vomiting, fever, and weakness, do not overlook and seek help.
Diagnosis and treatment
When a woman feels extreme pain in the pelvic area, the doctor will take a history and examine the area. The doctor will also recommend tests such as pregnancy tests and a pelvic ultrasound. The treatment depends on the type and size of the cyst. The available treatment options include observation, medications, and surgery.
Ovarian cysts and pregnancy
During pregnancy, the formation of ovarian cysts is common, but most of these cysts are harmless. The ovarian cyst formed during pregnancy usually resolves without any medical or surgical intervention. When a persistent cyst continues to expand during pregnancy, rupture or torsion may occur. A cyst formed during pregnancy will be observed and monitored carefully by the healthcare provider. Some conditions such as polycystic ovarian syndrome and endometriosis, may cause difficulty in conceiving.
TTC and PCOS
This medical condition occurs due to hormonal imbalance and interferes with ovulation. If a woman with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) wants to conceive, there are various ways to get pregnant. Some non-surgical interventions include lifestyle changes such as losing weight and taking prescribed medications to ovulate. If conservative treatments do not work, the specialist may suggest in vitro fertilization (IVF) or surgery. The results after applying any of these methods depend on a case basis.
Diagnosed with endometriosis and trying to conceive
Another cystic medical condition that may affect fertility is endometriosis which is classified into 4 stages. Stages 1 and 2 are treated with fertility medications while stages 3 and 4 are treated with surgery. If the treatments do not work, then the healthcare provider will advise on in vitro fertilization. Generally, any type of ovarian cyst will be monitored carefully by the doctor. If a cyst interferes with the ability to conceive, the specialist will recommend the best treatment option.