What Happens During A Miscarriage?

The unexpected loss of a pregnancy is called a miscarriage. This loss occurs within the first 20 weeks of the pregnancy. During a miscarriage, an embryo or fetus gets released from the body through the vaginal canal. The body also releases the placenta and the uterine lining. Usually, the pregnant person experiences heavy bleeding and abdominal cramping.

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What causes a miscarriage?

A miscarriage can occur for a variety of reasons. A miscarriage is the body’s way of terminating a pregnancy when there is an issue with the fetus or embryo. Genetic defects like abnormal chromosomes or uterine abnormalities like fibroids can cause miscarriages. Studies show that up to 20% of pregnancies end in miscarriage.

How do doctors treat a miscarriage?

The doctor will examine the body and prescribe medication to help clear all remnants of the pregnancy out of the uterus. Doctors can also conduct an ultrasound to locate and physically remove remnants. Doctors will extract the placenta and fetal tissue. Women should avoid sex and inserting anything into the vagina for at least 2 weeks after a miscarriage.

Are repeat miscarriages common?

Most women who miscarry can carry a pregnancy to term in the future. However, some women experience multiple miscarriages. Statistically, less than 2% of women encounter recurrent pregnancy loss. Women that go through 3 or more consecutive miscarriages will need to be examined by a medical professional.

How do repeat miscarriages affect my fertility?

After 2 or more miscarriages, doctors will conduct a series of tests to determine the cause of miscarriage. These tests include a pelvic exam to check the function of the reproductive organs, blood tests, imaging tests, and genetic testing. These tests will detect issues like chromosome translocation and fibroids that lead to miscarriages. Chromosome abnormalities cause approximately 60% of miscarriages.

What are my treatment options for repeated miscarriages?

If doctors find uterine abnormalities, then corrective surgery is an option. Doctors may also suggest IVF or another assisted reproductive option for people with chromosomal abnormalities. Often, miscarriages are unexplainable. When doctors detect an issue, these professionals will explore all options for treatment.

When should I speak to a doctor?

Patients should speak to a medical professional after the first miscarriage. A doctor can help treat patients suffering from miscarriages and offer comprehensive advice about fertility issues. Consulting a fertility specialist is recommended for women seeking to get pregnant again after a previous miscarriage.

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